These would be rulers devoted to their people, striving for personal and social perfectionand such a ruler would spread his own virtues to the people instead of imposing proper behavior with laws and rules.
In this case, it was the traditional religion of China, which the Taoists embraced.
The historical context The scholarly tradition envisioned by Confucius can be traced to the sage-kings of antiquity. The same is true with the husband and wife relationship where the husband needs to show benevolence towards his wife and the wife needs to respect the husband in return.
In fact, soon after his death, China would enter into a period known as the Warring States, during which China was divided and chaotic for nearly years.
Confucius saw this brewing chaos and attempted to use his teachings to prevent it by restoring harmony. In discussing the relationship between a king and his subject or a father and his sonhe underlined the need to give due respect to superiors.
Analects, The inner pole of Confucianism was reformist, idealistic, and spiritual.
Confucianism was part of the Chinese social fabric and way of life; to Confucians, everyday life was the arena of religion. This emphasis on benevolent rulership, expressed in numerous bronze inscriptions, was both a reaction to the collapse of the Shang dynasty and an affirmation of a deep-rooted worldview.
This harmony can be accessed and continually fostered by adherence to rites and rituals, and it is founded on the principle that human beings are fundamentally good, improvable, and teachable. The Analects Around CE, the Analects became part of a collection of four books that until CE were the subject of the Chinese civil service examinations.
The dominant view of the day, espoused by Realists and Legalists, was that strict law and statecraft were the bases of sound policy. Reciprocity or responsibility renqing extends beyond filial piety and involves the entire network of social relations, even the respect for rulers.